Maithili

The 50 Most Widely Spoken Languages

Maithili is an “ancestor” of today’s Hindi language. Maithili is closer in spirit, vocabulary and grammatical structure to Prakrit, itself a derivative of Sanskrit, than Hindi proper, which really flowered as a literary language with the great Bhakti poets (Tulsidas, Suradas, Kabir, Ramananda). Incidentally, Maithili is still spoken as a dialect (in a somewhat different form) of Hindi in the Mithila region in the state of Bihar.

Maithili is the 40th most widly spoken language in world.

Rank, language Countries Population(in millions)
1. Chinese, Mandarin Brunei, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mongolia, Philippines, Singapore, S. Africa, Taiwan, Thailand 885
2. Spanish Algeria, Andorra, Argentina, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Cambodia, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Rep., Ecuador, El Salvador, Eq. Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Laos, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Spain, Togo, Tunisia, Uruguay, U.S., Venezuela, Vietnam 332
3. English Australia, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, The Gambia, Guyana, India, Ireland, Israel, Lesotho, Liberia, Malaysia, Micronesia, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, S. Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Tonga, U.K., U.S., Vanuatu, Zimbabwe, many Caribbean states 322
4. Bengali Bangladesh, India, Singapore 189
5. Hindi India, Nepal, Singapore, S. Africa, Uganda 182
6. Portuguese Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, France, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, São Tomé and Príncipe 170
7. Russian China, Israel, Mongolia, Russia, U.S. 170
8. Japanese Japan, Singapore, Taiwan 125
9. German, Standard Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Czech Rep., Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Paraguay, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Switzerland 98
10. Chinese, Wu China 77.2
11. Javanese Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore 75.5
12. Korean China, Japan, N. Korea, S. Korea, Singapore, Thailand 75
13. French Algeria, Andorra, Belgium, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, France, Gabon, Guinea, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Laos, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Monaco, Morocco, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia, Vanuatu, Vietnam 72
14. Vietnamese China, Vietnam 67.7
15. Telugu India, Singapore 66.4
16. Chinese,
Yue(Cantonese)
Brunei, China, Costa Rica, Indonesia, Malaysia, Panama, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam 66
17. Marathi India 64.8
18. Tamil India, Malaysia, Mauritius, Singapore, S. Africa, Sri Lanka 63.1
19. Turkish Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Turkey, Uzbekistan 59
20. Urdu Afghanistan, India, Mauritius, Pakistan, S. Africa, Thailand 58
21. Chinese, Min Nan Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand 49
22. Chinese, Jinyu China 45
23. Gujarati India, Kenya, Pakistan, Singapore, S. Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe 44
24. Polish Czech Rep., Germany, Israel, Poland, Romania, Slovakia 44
25. Arabic, Egyptian Egypt 42.5
26. Ukrainian Poland, Slovakia, Ukraine 41
27. Italian Croatia, Eritrea, France, Italy, San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland 37
28. Chinese, Xiang China 36
29. Malayalam India, Singapore 34
30. Chinese, Hakka Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Panama, Singapore, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand 34
31. Kannada India 33.7
32. Oriya India 31
33. Panjabi, Western India, Pakistan 30
34. Sunda Indonesia 27
35. Panjabi, Eastern India, Kenya, Singapore 26
36. Romanian Hungary, Israel, Moldova, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Ukraine 26
37. Bhojpuri India, Mauritius, Nepal 25
38. Azerbaijani, South Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey 24.4
39. Farsi, Western Iran, Iraq, Oman, Qatar, Tajikistan, United Arab Emirates 24.3
40. Maithili India, Nepal 24.3
41. Hausa Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo 24.2
42. Arabic, Algerian Algeria 22.4
43. Burmese Bangladesh, Myanmar 22
44. Serbo-Croatian Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia 21
45. Chinese, Gan China 20.6
46. Awadhi India, Nepal 20.5
47. Thai Singapore, Thailand 20
48. Dutch Belgium, France, Netherlands, Suriname 20
49. Yoruba Benin, Nigeria 20
50. Sindhi Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Singapore 19.7

Source :http://www.photius.com/rankings/languages2.html

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