Madhubani is one of the 21 blocks in Madhubani district. The total population of the block is 258,895. There are 68 villages and 1 towns in this block. The literacy rate is 50.24%. The female literacy rate is 37.32%. The male literacy rate is 62.2%.
The “Madhubani” style of paintings derives its name from this region as the style originated here, in the early 17th century. These paintings are made using vegetable dyes, lamp black, and the canvas is usually cloth or paper. These days, several of the well-known “Madhubani” paintings are used as motifs on bags, kurtas (an Indian garment for covering the upper-half of the body), and other materials produced using the hand-block painting technique. With ethnic-chic being in vogue, such products are all the rage, these days, not just with the Indians, but also in the export market.
The people of this district is very religious and follow all religious rituals with pomp and show. The people of all religions and sects practice their rituals in great harmony. The people of this district are love and peace loving. Durgapuja, Mahashivratri, Holi, Ramnavami, Krishnashtmi and Dipawali are a few famous festivals.
In a few village like Sonamati of Babubarhi block, idols of Lord Krishna, Nand baba and other God & Goddess are made with soil & bamboo stick and a fair is organized on the eve of Krishnashtmi. Almost all Hindu villages of this district have a Shivalaya where people go for Jalbhishek every morning.
Muslim of this district also practice their festivals of Id & Muharram with great pomp & show. Hindu of their village and surrounding also share their festivals with joy. In Madhubani Maithils celebrate Chhath Puja which occurs just six days after Diwali with a great enthusiasm.
one more important thing is Saurath Sabha in which Almost every year, during suddha or auspicious days for the settling of marriages, thousands of Maithil Brahmans gather at Sabha Gaachchi in Saurath. The Panjikaras (the person maintaining “Panji” or genealogical record) plays a very important role in fixing of marriage since it is obligatory for every person desirous of marriage to get a certificate called asvajajanapatra (non-relationship) from a panjikara, stating that there is no “blood relationship”, as per the prescribed rules of prohibited degrees of relationship, between the bride and groom. There is a fixed sitting place – dera – for every village in the sabha. The timing and number of days etc. are decided in a general meeting of the scholars and pandits of Mithila in accordance with the traditional astrological almanac– Pachanga.